The Flipped Classroom
Flipping the classroom is all the rage in education these days. But what does it mean and should you do it? In the flipped classroom approach, students study course material outside of class using required readings, video lectures, podcasts, or other assignments. Rather than lecture during class time, the instructor facilitates learning by coaching students through course materials either individually or in groups and promoting active learning strategies.
One of the benefits of using a flipped classroom is to improve student attention span. Student’s today have grown up with the internet, video games, and social media. They are used to using technology for communicating and learning. In the flipped classroom, students engage in lower levels of cognitive work, such as gaining knowledge (see Bloom’s revised taxonomy, 2001), outside of the classroom while higher levels of cognitive work, such as application and analysis, are emphasized in the classroom.
Some faculty are unsure of how to design a course using the flipped classroom approach while others are concerned over the amount of time it may take to design and teach such as course. I recently read an article “Find Time to FLIP!’ by Barbi Honeycutt PhD on three simple strategies to flip a course that takes only 10 minutes to implement in your classroom You can find her article here http://barbihoneycutt.com/3-flipped-strategies-can-10-minutes-less/.
Flipping the classroom can enhance active learning but should be undertaken thoughtfully and strategically. Using the flipped approach, students take on an active learner role and this may be an unfamiliar and uncomfortable role for some. Faculty may also feel intimated or burdened by moving from lecturer to facilitator and coach. There are many articles and other resources available on the web to help you through the process of developing and implementing a flipped classroom. NCA can help you to develop or revise your curriculum to incorporate and evaluate active learning strategies.